Benzene, C6H6, is a clear, colorless, highly flammable, and volatile, liquid aromatic hydrocarbon with a gasoline-like odor. Benzene is the simplest aromatic compound, with a six carbon ring, a hydrogen atom attached to each carbon atom, and alternating double bonds in the ring structure. It found naturally in fossil raw materials such as crude oil and coal tar.

Appearance Visual — Clear, free of haze/sediment
Purity 99.8 Min.
Toluene 0.050 Max.
Non Aromatics 0.1 Max.
Density at 15.6 °C 0.882-0.886
Color Pt-Co Scale 20 Max.
Acid Wash Color 1 Max.
Acidity No free acid
Copper Corrosion Pass 1 A
Total Sulfur 1 Max.
H2S and SO2 Content Free of H2S/SO2
Solidification Point 5.45 Min.
Water Content 800 Max.
Thiophene 1.0 Max.
Combined Nitrogen 0.1 Max.

ETHYLBENZENE AND STYRENE – used to manufacture polystyrene plastics, engineering plastics, and synthetic rubber

CUMENE AND PHENOL – used to make phenolic resins like epoxies, polycarbonate, and more

CYCLOHEXANE – used to make nylon products

NITROBENZENE AND ANILINE – used to make dyes, polyurethanes, etc.

ALKYLBENZENES – used to make detergents

CHLOROBENZENES – used to produce pharmaceuticals, specialty chemicals, plastics, glazing materials, resins, dyes, and pesticides

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